North Central Ohio Aikido Club

Tomiki Aikido

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Aikido dictionary

 

 

* Ai- Harmony
* Ai-gamae - Matching stances.
* Aiki Harmony of Spirit
* Aikido Way of Harmony of Spirit
* Aikidoka Person who practises Aikido
* Aiki-Ken Aikido Sword techniques
* Ashi Leg or Foot
* Atemi Strike
* Atemi-waza Striking techniques. 
* Barai Sweep
* Bokken Wooden Sword used in Aikido and Kendo training
* Budo Martial Ways 
* Chudan Middle
* Chudan-no-kamae Basic posture
* Chudan-uke Middle block 
* Dan Degree ranking for Black Belt
* Do The Way or Path
* Dojo Training Hall or Place of the Way
* Dori Hold or Grasp 
* Eri Dori Collar held 
* Furitsuki Slashing thrust (Normally with a knife) 
* Gassho no renshu Blocking exercise with the hands joined together.
* Gedan Low
* Gedan-no-kamae Low posture
* Gedan-uke Low block
* Gi Aikidogi traditional clothing worn when training
* Go Five
* Go-no-sen Attacking after you have been attacked.
* Gyaku Opposite / Reverse
* Gyaku-gamae Opposite stances. 
* Hachi Eight
* Hantai Change
* Hara A point in the lower abdomen.
* Hasso High sword posture
* Hidari Left
* Hidari-gamae Left stance with the left foot forward.
* Hiji Elbow
* Hiji waza Elbow techniques
* Hikitate-geiko Middle level of competition.
* Hyaku One Hundred 
* Iai-do Art of Sword Drawing
* Ichi One
* Idoryoku locomotive power; the power of movement. 
* Irimi Entering principle
* Irimi-nage Entering throw 
* Jo Short staff about 4' long
* Jodan High
* Jodan-no-kamae High posture
* Jodan-uke High block
* Jujitsu Ancient Japanese martial art
* Ju-nana-hon waza 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido.
* Jushin Balance / Center of gravity
* Jyu Ten
* Jyu-Ichi Eleven
* Jyu-Ni Twelve and so on 
* Kakari-geiko Lowest level of competition.
* Kamae Stance / Posture
* Kansetsu Joints
* Kansetsu-waza Joint techniques.
* Kata Pre-arranged techniques, Form or Shoulder
* Kata-Dori-Men-Uchi Strike to the head while holding the shoulder
* Kata-Dori Shoulder held
* Katate Single hand
* Katate-Dori One hand held
* Keiko-gi Kit/Uniform
* Ken Sword
* Kendo The way of the Sword
* Ki Spirit or Energy
* Kime-waza Final locking technique
* Kiritsu Stand to attention
* Kissaki Point or Tip of the Sword
* Kohai Junior Student
* Kokyu Blending - Fitting in was a movement
* Kokyu-Dosa Breath Exercise
* Kokyu-Nage Breath Throw
* Koryu-no-kata Pre-arranged traditional techniques in kata form
* Koshi Hips or lower back
* Koshi-Nage Hip Throw
* Kotai Switch/Change
* Kote Wrist also called Tekubi
* Kote-Gaeshi Outer wrist throw - Wrist twist
* Ku Nine
* Kyu Ranking for belts below black belt.
* Kuzushi Break balance.
* Kyudo Japanese Archery 
* Mae Forward, front.
* Ma-ai Correct distance
* Marui Circular / Round
* Men Sword cut to the center of the head.
* Me-tsuke Eye contact, one focuses on the opponent's eyes.
* Migi Right
* Migi-gamae Right posture with the right foot forward.
* Mochi Grasp or hold with hands
* Morote Dori One hand held by two hands
* Mu-gamae Without stance.
* Mushin Without emotion
* Mune Chest 
* Nage Throw / Technique
* Nana-hon nage kuzushi Kuzushi training exercise comprised of seven throws.
* Ni Two
* Ni-Jyu-Ichi Twenty one
* Ni-Jyu-Ni Twenty two and so on. 
* Obi Belt worn over the Gi.
* Omote Front
* O-Sensei Great Teacher (Reference to the Founder)
* Otoshi Drop 
* Randori Freeplay
* Randori-no-Kata Basic 17 techniques in the Tomiki system of Aikido
* Rei Bow
* Ritsu-rei Standing Bow
* Rokku Six
* Ryo-Kata-Dori Both shoulders held
* Ryote-Dori Both hands held 
* San Three
* Seichu-Sen Center line of one's body
* Seiza Sitting Properly
* Sempai Senior Student
* Sen Initiating an attack slightly before your opponent
* Sensei Teacher
* Sensei-ni-rei Bow to the teacher
* Sen-sen-no-sen Sensing and preparing for your opponent's attack.
* Shi Four
* Shiai Tournament, Competition
* Shichi Seven
* Shichihon-no-kuzushi Balance breaking
* Shihan A master teacher/ teacher of teachers.
* Shiho-nage Four Directional Throw
* Shikko Knee walking
* Shime Lock
* Shinkokyu Deep breathing exercise at the end of practice.
* Shite Defender also called Tori
* Shizentai Natural standing position.
* Shomen Front also called Omote
* Shomen ni rei Bow to the front
* Shomen-Uchi Strike to top of the head
* Shotei-awase Tension exercise
* Sode Sleeve
* Suwari-waza Sitting Techniques from Seiza position 
* Tachi-waza Standing techniques.
* Tai-sabaki Evasion of an attack by avoidance.
* Taiso Warm-up calisthenics.
* Tandokuo-undo Foot and hand movements exercises
* Tanto Knife
* Te Hand
* Tegatana Hand blade
* Tegatana-awase Hand blade exercise.
* Tekubi Wrist also know as Kote
* Tekubi waza Wrist techniques.
* Tenkan Absorption principle
* Tentai Hip-turn
* Tori The defender / Person doing the technique.
* Tsugi Thrust
* Tsugi-ashi Sliding feet 
* Uchi  Hand strike
* Uke Attacker / Person being thrown
* Ukemi Break falls
* Uki-waza Floating or timing techniques.
* Ura Back
* Uraken Back fist
* Unsoku Foot movements (Avoidance) exercises
* Ushiro Backward, behind. 
* Waza Technique
* Waki-gamae Low Sword posture 
* Yoi Prepare
* Yoko Side
* Yokomen Temple area of the face
* Yokomen-uchi Side strike to the opponent¹s temple. 
* Zanshin Awareness
* Za-rei Sitting bowAgatsu = Self victory 

Ai = Harmony or unification 
Ai Hanmi = Mutual stance 
Ai Nuke = Mutual escape 
Ai Uchi = Mutual kill 
Aigame Ate = Regular stance attack, 2nd teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza) 
Aiki = Blending or harmonising of Ki 
Aiki Nage = Aiki throw, throws by body movement only 
Aiki Otoshi = Aiki drop, entering deeply and picking up Uke’s leg 
Aiki Taiso = Basic Aikido co-ordination exercises 
Aikido = The way of harmony with Ki 
Aikidoka = A practitioner of Aikido 
Aikuchi = Tanto style blade, mounted with no Tsuba for women to carry 
Ashi = Sometimes means leg, sometimes means foot 
Ashi Sabaki = Footwork 
Ashibo Kake Uke = Leg hooking block 
Atemi = Strike to the weak points of the body 
Atemi Waza = Striking techniques (1st set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata) 
Awase = Partner practice 
Aya Dori = Cross shaped entanglement throw, also known as Juji Garame 
Ayumi-Ashi = Crossing feet (normal walking), also known as Hiraki Ashi 
Bo = Wooden staff about 6 feet in length 
Bokken = Wooden sword, also known as Bukoto 
Budo = Martial way 
Bukoto = Wooden sword, also known as bokken 
Bushido = The way of the warrior 
Chidori Ashi = Cross-over feet (zig-zag step) 
Chikara = Power 
Chikara No Dashikata = Extension of power 
Chokusen = Direct 
Chokusen No Irimi = Direct entry 
Chudan = Middle position 
Chushin = Center 
Dai Gokyo = See Gokyo 
Dai Ikkyo = See Ikkyo 
Dai Nikyo = See Nikyo 
Dai Rokyo = See Rokyo 
Dai Sankyo = See Sankyo 
Dai Yonkyo = See Yonkyo 
Dan = Black belt rank 
Dan Zuki = Consecutive punching 
Datotsushu = Strikes, punches and kicks 
Datsu Ryoku = Without strength, relaxed 
Deshi = Student, disciple 
Do = Way/path 
Dogi = Training costume, also known as Gi or Keiko Gi 
Dojo = Literally place of the way 
Dojo Cho = The head of the dojo 
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita = Thank you very much (said at end of practise) 
Doozo = Please, go ahead 
Doshu = Grand master or head of the way 
Empi Uchi = Elbow strike 
Engi = Interdependent origination 
Eri = Collar 
Eri Tori = Collar grab 
Fudo Dachi = Rooted stance 
Fudo No Shisei = Immoveable posture, mind focused on one point, body relaxed and Ki flowing 
Fukushidoin = Assistant instructor 
Fumikomi Geri = Stamping kick 
Funekogi Undo = Rowing exercise, moving voiced meditation for breathing and posture, also known as Torifune 
Furi Kaburi = Sword raising movement 
Futari Gake = Two man attack, also known as Ni Nin Gake 
Gaeshi = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse to rotate, to revolve, also known as Tenkai, Kaeshi, or Kaiten 
Gamae = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known as Hanmi or Kamae 
Gatame = Armlocks 
Gedan = Lower position 
Gedan Ate = Lower part attack, 4th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza) 
Gendaito = Modern sword (made roughly in the 20th century) 
Geri = Kick 
Gi = Training costume, also known as dogi or Keiko Gi 
Giri (1) = Cut, also known as Kiri 
Giri (2) = Obligation or debt 
Gokyo = 5th teaching, Ude Nobashi or arm stretch, also known as Dai Gokyo, Gokyo Ude Nobashi 
Gokyo Ude Nobashi = See Gokyo 
Gou No Keiko = To practise hard with full strength, mostly with basic techniques, see also Jyu No Keiko and Ryu No Keiko 
Gyaku Hanmi = Opposing stance 
Gyaku Yokomen Uchi = Reverse vertical strike to side of head 
Gyukugamae Ate = Reverse stance attack, 3rd teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza) 
Hachiji Dachi = Open leg stance 
Haishin Undo = After practise back bending exercise 
Haishu = Backhand 
Haishu Uke = Backhand block 
Haito = Ridge hand 
Hajime = Begin 
Hajime = Please start 
Hakama = Divided skirt usually worn by black-belt ranks 
Hanashi Waza = Escape from holds, also known as Hazushi Waza 
Hangetsu Dachi = Half moon or hourglass stance 
Hanmi = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known as Kamae or Gamae 
Hanmi Handachi = Position with Nage sitting, Uke standing, also known as Hanza Hantachi 
Hantai = In reverse order 
Hanza Hantachi = Position with Nage sitting, Uke standing, also known as Hanmi Handachi 
Happo = Eight directions 
Happo Giri = Eight direcion cutting 
Happo Undo = Eight direction exercise 
Hara = Body’s center of mass, centre of life energy 
Harai = A movement to sweep opponents sword or jo away or down also refers to sweeping opponents legs 
Hasso = Posture with sword or jo held vertically at right shoulder, see also Hasso No Kamae 
Hasso Gaeshi = Movement from basic stance to Hasso posture 
Hasso No Kamae = Figure eight stance, posture with sword or jo held vertically at right shoulder, see also Hasso No Kamae 
Hazushi Waza = Escape from holds, also known as Hanashi Waza 
Henka Waza = Varied technique especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution 
Hidari = Left 
Hidari Gamae = Left stance, also known as Hidari Hanmi 
Hidari Hanmi = Left stance, also known as Hidari Gamae 
Hiji = Elbow 
Hiji Jime = Elbow lock, also known as Ude Higishi or arm smashing, see Rokyo 
Hiji Ki = Elbow power 
Hiji Shime = See Hiji Jime 
Hiji Tori = Elbow hold 
Hiji Waza = Elbow techniques (2nd set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata) 
Hiki Otoshi = Pull drop, 17th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza) 
Hiki Taoshi = Pull down, 8th technique from Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza) 
Hiki Tate Geiko = Freestyle practise with some resitance between partners 
Hineri Waza = Throws by twisting Ukes head 
Hiraki Ashi = Crossing feet (normal walking), also known as Ayumi Ashi 
Hiriki = Elbow power 
Hitomei = Equal stance with feet parallel, also known as Mu Gamae 
Hitori Waza = Invisible partner practice 
Hiza = Knee 
Hombu Dojo = A term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization 
Iaito = Dull katana 
Ikkyo = 1st teaching, Ude Osae or arm pin, also known as Dai Ikkyo, Ikkyo Ude Osae and in Tomiki Aikido Oshi Taoshi or push down 
Ikkyo Ude Osae = See Ikkyo 
Irimi = Entering movement with a step or slide 
Irimi Nage (Shomen) = Entering throw (front approach), sometimes called 20 year technique 
Irimi Nage (Sokumen) = Entering throw (side approach), sometimes called 20 year technique, in Tomiki Aikido known as Gyakugamae Ate or reverse stance strike 
Irimi Tenkan = Entering and turning, sometimes called Tai Sabaki 
Jiyu Waza = Free-style practice of techniques, free form techniques 
Jo = Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length 
Jo Dosa = Jo exercises 
Jo Tori = Jo taking exercises or techniques 
Jodan = Upper position 
Jodan Gaeshi = Circular movement with jo aimed at upper part of opponents body 
Joseki = Upper side of the mats 
Joza = Seat of honour, upper seat of mat, also known as Kamiza 
Juji = Crossing of the hands 
Juji Garame = Cross shaped entanglement throw, also known as Aya Dori 
Juji Jime = Cross-hand choke 
Jumbi Taiso = Collective term given to Aikido exercises 
Jyu Nana Hon No Kata = 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Kihon Waza or Kihon No Kata 
Jyu No Keiko = To practise softly with principle of nonresistance but still practising attack and defence, see also Gou No Keiki and Ryu On Keiko 
Kachihayabi = Victory at the speed of sunlight 
Kado Nage = Thows to the front corner 
Kaeshi = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse, to rotate, to revolve, also known as Gaeshi, Tenkai, or Kaiten 
Kaeshi Waza = Reversals, escaping from techniques, counter attack techniques 
Kaiten = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse, to rotate, to revolve, also known as Gaeshi, Kaeshi, or Tenkai 
Kaiten Ashi = Forward step forward with back foot and pivot 
Kaiten Nage (Soto) = Rotary throw (outside), also known as Tenkai Nage (Soto), in Tomiki Aikido known as Ude Hineri or arm twist 
Kaiten Nage (Uchi) = Rotary throw (inside), also known as Tenkai Nage (Uchi) 
Kakae Dori = Bearhug grab from behind 
Kakari Geiko = Freestyle practice with no resistance and usually only basic style techniques 
Kamae = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known as Hanmi or Gamae 
Kamiza (1) = A small Shrine frequently located at the front of a dojo 
Kamiza (2) = Seat of honour, upper seat of mat, also known as Joza 
Kansetsu Waza = Joint manipulation techniques 
Kao Tsuki = Punch to face 
Kata (1) = A form or prescribed pattern of movement 
Kata (2) = Shoulder 
Kata Ju Ji Jime = Left hand to left lapel (four fingers inside, thumb outside and pointing up), right hand over left to right lapel (four fingers outside, thumb inside and pointing down) 
Kata Tori = One hand grab to shoulder 
Katame Waza = Locking and pinning techniques, also known as Osae Waza 
Katana = What is vulgarly called a samurai sword 
Katate Tori = One hand grab to wrist 
Katate Tori Ryote Mochi = Two hands grab to wrist or two hands grab to two wrists 
Katsu Jin Ken = The sword that saves life 
Keiko = Study or practice, training with spirit and commitment 
Keiko Gi = Training costume (formal name), also known as Gi or dogi 
Ken Koshiita = Back plate for hakama 
Ken Suburi = Sword matching exercises 
Ken Tori = Sword taking 
Kenkyo = Confidence with modesty 
Kensho = Enlightenment see also Mokuso and Satori 
Kesa = Sash worn diagonally across the chest by Buddist priests 
Kesa Giri = Cutting through the body diagonally across the chest 
Keta Tsuki = Kick to stomach 
Ki = Combined mind, spirit and energy vital-force, essence of universal creative energy 
Ki Ga Nukeru = Loss of Ki 
Ki Musubi No Tachi = Sword of uniting Ki 
Ki No Musubi = Uniting Ki with that of opponents 
Ki No Nagare = Flow of Ki 
Ki Wo Dasu = Allowing Ki to flow 
Ki Wo Neru = Training Ki by visualising it 
Ki Wo Totonoeru = Preparation of Ki by maintaining calmness, breathing correctly and focussing mind 
Kiai = A shout delivered for the purpose of focussing all of one’s energy 
Kihon Dosa = Fundamental movement 
Kihon No Kata = The 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Jyu Nana Hon Kata and Kihon Waza 
Kihon Waza (1) = The most formal way of doing a technique or demonstrating it 
Kihon Waza (2) = The 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Jyu Nana Hon Kata and Kihon No Kata 
Kime = Bending the joint in the direction of natural movment 
Kimi = Pressure point, see Yonkyo 
Kimi Osae = Forearm pin, see Yonkyo 
Kiri = Cut, also known as Giri 
Kiri Gaeshi = Large diagonal cut, sword finishing in Wake Gamae position 
Kiri Otoshi = Dropping cut 
Kiza = Sitting stance (seiza up on toes) 
Kogeki = Attack 
Kohai = A student junior to oneself 
Koho Tento Undo = Backward roll 
Koho Ukemi Undo = Backward roll 
Kokoro = Heart or mind 
Kokyu = Breath, power of breath and life force, co-ordination of Ki flow and breathing 
Kokyu Ho = Breath power exercise 
Kokyu Ho Undo = Wrist lead exercise 
Kokyu Nage = Breath throw 
Kokyu No Henka = Breath changes 
Kokyu Ryoku No Yosei Ho = Breath power development exercise 
Kokyu Tenkan Ho = Breath turning exercise 
Kosa Dori = Cross grip to lapels of Gi 
Koshi = Hip 
Koshi Nage = Hip throw 
Koshin = Moving backwards 
Kote (1) = Wrist, also known as Tekubi 
Kote (2) = Gloves or gauntlets used in Iaido and Kendo 
Kote Gaeshi (1) = Wrist out turn 
Kote Gaeshi (2) = Reverse wrist twist, 12th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Tekubi Waza) 
Kote Hineri (1) = Wrist twist, see Sankyo 
Kote Hineri (2) = Wrist twist, 11th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Tekubi Waza) 
Kote Mawashi = Wrist in turn, see Nikyo 
Koto = Old sword (made before about 1573) 
Kotodama = Spiritual function of sound 
Kubi = Neck 
Kuchi = Mouth 
Kumi Jo = Partner practise matching of jo, two person jo practises 
Kumi Ken = Partner practise matching of Ken, two person sword practises, also known as Kumi Tachi 
Kumi Tachi = Partner practise matching of Ken, two person sword practises, also known as Kumi Ken 
Kuzushi = Balance breaking techniques 
Kuzushin = Disruption of balance 
Kyuu = White belt rank, any rank below Shodan, also known as Mudansha 
Kyusho Points = Acupuncture or acupressure points 
Maai = Proper distancing or timing 
Mae = Front 
Mae Eri tori = Grab to collar from front 
Mae Geri = Front snap kick 
Mae Otoshi = Front drop, 15th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza) 
Mae Ukemi = Forward rolling breakfall, also known as Zempo Kaiten Undo, Zempo Ukemi Undo, Zempo Kaiten Ukemi 
Maki Otoshi = Throw over Nages shoulder resulting in Nage on one knee 
Marui = Circular motion 
Me = Eye 
Men (1) = Head, specifically striking point on head 
Men (2) = Straight sword cut onto forehead 
Men Tsuki = Thrust to head, also known as Men Uchi 
Men Uchi = Thrust to head, also known as Men Tsuki 
Metsuke = Eye contact 
Migi = Right 
Migi Gamae = Right stance, also known as Migi Hanmi 
Migi Hanmi = Right stance, also known as Migi Gamae 
Misogi = Ritual purification of mind, body and spirit 
Mitsubushi = Strike to the eyes with the back of the fist 
Mochi = Grip 
Mokuso = Meditation, see also Kensho and Satori 
Morote Tori = Two hands grab to one wrist 
Mu Gamae = Equal stance with feet parallel, also known as Hitomei 
Mudansha = Students without black-belt ranking also known as Kyuu grades 
Mune = Chest 
Mune Tori = Hold the chest 
Mune Tsuki = Thrust or punch to chest 
Mushin = No mind, state of mind uninterupted by thought, mind without ego like a mirror reflects but does not judge 
Musubi = Process of unification, opposites are but different images of same reality 
Nafudakake = Student name board in dojo 
Nagare = Flowing 
Nagare Gaeshi = Strike to front and then strike or thrust to rear in one flowing movement 
Nage = To throw 
Nage = Person who is throwing or executing the technique, also known as Tori 
Nage No Kata = Throwing kata 
Nage Waza = Throwing techniques 
Nai Kan Gyu = Silence and action, training which teaches to still the mind and see inside 
Ne Waza = Grappling techniques 
Ni Nin Gake = Two man attack, also known as Futari Gake 
Nikyo = 2nd teaching, Kote Mawashi or wrist in turn, also known as Dai Nikyo, Nikyo Kote Mawashi 
Nikyo Kote Mawashi = See Nikyo 
Ninjyo = Compassion 
Nogare = Series of breathing exercises to bring calmness in face of attack 
Nukitsuke = Drawing the sword 
O-Sensei = Founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, literally great teacher 
Obi = A belt 
Oji Waza = To block then counter attack 
Oku eri tori = Grab to collar from behind 
Okuri eri jime = Right hand grab to right wrist and choke from behind with left hand grab to right lapel 
Omoiyari = Mind of concern for others feelings, safety and situation 
Omote = The front 
Onegai Shimasu = I welcome you to train with me (said at beginning of practice) 
Osae = Press, push, pin, to immobilise 
Osae Waza = Locking and pinning techniques, also known as Katame Waza 
Oshi Taoshi = Push down, 6th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), see also Ikkyo 
Otonashi No Ken = Sword of no sword 
Otoshi = To drop 
Randori = Free practise, free style all out training 
Rei = Bow 
Reigi = Ettiquette 
Ren Zuki = Alternated punch 
Renshu = Practise, ren (repeat) shu (learn) or learn by repeating 
Renzoku Tenkan Ho = Continuous body turning 
Renzoku Waza = Series techniques 
Riai = Relationship between methods using Ken/Jo/Taijutsu 
Ritsu rei = Bow from standing position 
Rokkutsu = Rib 
Rokyo = 6th teaching, Hiji Jime or elbow lock, also known as Ude Higishi or arm smashing, Dai Rokyo, Rokyo Hiji Jime, Rokyo Ude Higishi and in Tomiki Aikido Waki Gatame or arm lock 
Rokyo Hiji Jime = See Rokyo 
Rokyo Ude Higishi = See Rokyo 
Ryokata Tori = Both shoulders grabbed from front 
Ryoku = Power 
Ryote = Both hands 
Ryote Tori = Both wrists grabbed from front 
Ryu = Style or school of martial art 
Ryu No Keiko = To practise very softly as running water with no attack or defence, no opposition between partners but focusing on perfect harmony and peace, this practise is usually only possible for high dan grades, see also Gou No Keiko and Jyu No Keiko 
Sabaki = Body manoeuvres, movement 
Sageto = Feet together, sword in left hand, blade up and tip down and facing backwards 
Samurai = From the verb to serve, warrior class, replaced the term Bushi during Muromachi Period 1392-1573AD 
San Nin Gake = Three man attack 
Sankaku Tai = Triangular form (as in stances) 
Sankyo = 3rd teaching, Kote Hineri or wrist twist, also known as Dai Sankyo, Sankyo Kote Hineri and in Tomiki Aikido Tenkai Kote Hineri or rotating wrist twist 
Sankyo Kote Hineri = See Sankyo 
Satori = Enlightenment, see also Mokuso and Kenshoo 
Saya = Scabbard 
Sayu Undo = Arm swing lateral (left to right) extension exercise 
Seiza = Sitting posture on one’s knees 
Sempai = A student senior to oneself 
Senaka = Back 
Sensei = Teacher 
Senshin = Purified and cleansed heart and spirit, enlightened attitude 
Setsu Nin To = The sword that kills 
Setsuzoku = Connection 
Shiai = Match or contest 
Shidoin = A formal title meaning instructor, usually 3rd dan and above 
Shihan = A formal title meaning master instructor, usually 6th dan and above 
Shiho Nage = 4 directional throw, in Tomiki Aikido known as Tenkai Kote Gaeshi or rotating reverse wrist twist 
Shikaku = Position relative to one’s partner where it is difficult for partner to continue to attack 
Shikko = Samurai walking or knee walking 
Shimoseki = Lower side of the mat 
Shimoza = Lower seat of the mat 
Shinai = Split bamboo practice sword for Kendo 
Shinkenshobu = Duel with live swords 
Shinnyo = Thusness or suchness 
Shintai = Straight motion 
Shinshinto = New sword (made between about 1760 and 1900 
Shinto = The way of the gods, the indigenous religion of Japan 
Shizentai = Natural stance or posture 
Shomen = Front or top of head also the designated front of a dojo 
Shomen Ate = Frontal attack, 1st teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza) 
Shomen Uchi = Straight vertical strike to forehead 
Shoshin = Beginners mind each time you are Uke or Nage 
Shugyu = Day to day struggle, work 
Shuto = Knife hand 
Shuuchuu = Concentration 
Shuuchuu Ryoku = Concentration of power 
Shuumatsu Doosa = Fixing movment 
Sode Dori = Cuff or sleeve held 
Sotai Dosa = Paired exercises 
Sotei = Assumption, training with imaginary or shadow partners 
Soto = Outside 
Suburi = Exercises for co-ordination of arm and foot movements, usually to develop basic cuts and thrusts in Buki Waza 
Sudori = Attacker effectively throws himself with an excess of power 
Sudori Nage = A momentum throw 
Sukashi Waza = Techniques performed without allowing the attacker to complete a grab or to initiate a strike 
Suki = An opening or gap where one is vulnerable to attack 
Sukui Nage = A scooping throw 
Sumi Gaeshi = Corner throw 
Sumi Otoshi = Corner drop, 16th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza) 
Sutemi = To throw away the body, techniques accomplished by sacrificing the body 
Suwari = Seated 
Suwari Waza = Techniques executed with both Uke and Nage in a seated position 
Ta Ninsu Gake = Training against multiple attackers 
Tachi (1) = From standing position 
Tachi (2) = A type of Japanese long sword intended to be worn edge down 
Tachi Tori = Sword taking 
Tachi Waza = Standing techniques 
Tai Atari = Entering and blocking 
Tai Atari Uchi Otoshi = Entering deeply into Yokomen Uchi throwing Uke backwards 
Tai Gi = Usually six techniques done in sequence in Ki Aikido 
Tai No Henka = Body changes 
Tai No Henko = Basic blending practice, turning 180 degrees, body changes 
Tai No Tenkan Ho = Body turning 
Tai Sabaki = Body movement, avoidance, circular movement 
Taijutsu = Body arts, unarmed practice, empty handed techniques 
Taiso = Basic exercise 
Takemusu Aikido = Enlightened Aikido 
Tanden = Centre 
Tandoku Dosa = Solo exercises 
Tandoku undo = Hand and foot movement exercises 
Tanren = Striking practise with sword, jo or bokken, repetition of same cut 
Tanto (1) = Wooden practice knife 
Tanto (2) = Small knife 
Tanto Tori = Knife taking 
Tatami = Traditional woven straw mats in dojo 
Te = Hand 
Tegatana = Hand sword, outer edge of hand when used as if the blade of a sword 
Teisho = Heel palm 
Teisho Uke = Heel palm block 
Tekubi = Wrist or hand neck, also known as Kote 
Tekubi Joho Kosa = High wrist break 
Tekubi Josa Undo = High wrist break exercise 
Tekubi Kansetsu Junan Ho = Wrist joint flexibility exercises 
Tekubi Kosa Undo = Double wrist break exercise 
Tekubi Osae = Forearm pin, see Yonkyo 
Tekubi Shindo = Wrist shaking exercise 
Tekubi Waza = Wrist techniques, (3rd set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata) 
Tenchi Nage = Heaven and earth throw 
Tenkai = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse to rotate, to revolve, also known as Gaeshi, Kaeshi, or Kaiten 
Tenkai Ashi = Pivot on both feet 
Tenkai Kote Gaeshi = Rotating reverse wrist twist, 14th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Tekubi Waza), also known as Shiho Nage 
Tenkai Kote Hineri = Rotating wrist twist, 13th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Tekubi Waza), see also Sankyo 
Tenkai nage (soto) = Rotary throw (outside), also known as Kaiten Nage (Soto), in Tomiki Aikido known as Ude Hineri or arm twist 
Tenkai nage (uchi) = Rotary throw (inside), also known as Kaiten Nage (Uchi) 
Tenkan = Circular movement to redirect partners power and dissipate force of attack 
Tenkan Ashi = Forward step backward with rear foot and pivot on front foot 
Tenshin = A movement where Nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack 
Toma = A great distance 
Tori (1) = Grab 
Tori (2) = Person who is throwing or executing the technique, also known as Nage 
Torifune = Rowing exercise, moving voiced meditation for breathing and posture, also known as Funekogi Undo 
Tsuba = Hand guard for sword or bokken 
Tsugi Ashi = Sliding step (shuffle) 
Tsuka = Handle of sword or bokken 
Tsuki = A straight punch or thrust usually to mid-section parallel to ground 
Tsukuri = Positioning or setting up for a throw 
Uchi (1) = Inside 
Uchi (2) = To strike 
Uchi Deshi = A live in student 
Uchi Komi = To take a step forward and then strike 
Ude Furi Undo = Arm swinging spin exercise 
Ude Gaeshi = Arm turn, 7th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza) 
Ude Garame = Arm twist 
Ude Higishi = Arm smashing, also known as Hiji Jime or elbow lock 
Ude Hineri = Arm twist, 9th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), also known as Kaiten Nage 
Ude Nobashi = Arm stretch, see Gokyo 
Ude Osae = Arm pin, see Ikkyo 
Ude Tori Undo = Forward extension exercise 
Uke = Person being thrown or receiving technique 
Ukemi = Breakfall, receiving with or through the body 
Uki Waza = Floating techniques (4th set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata) 
Undo = Exercise or drill 
Unsoko = Foor movement 
Ura = Rear 
Ushiro = Backwards or behind 
Ushiro Ate = Back attack, 5th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza), also known as Ushiro Udoroshi 
Ushiro Kubishime = Neck choke from the rear 
Ushiro Morote Tori = Two hands grab one wrist from behind 
Ushiro Ryokata Tori = Shoulders grabbed from rear 
Ushiro Ryote Tori = Both hands grabbed from the rear 
Ushiro Tekubi Tori = Wrist grabbed from rear 
Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenshin Undo = Downward extension exercise 
Ushiro Udoroshi = Pull down from behind, in Tomiki Aikido known as Ushiro Ate 
Ushiro Ukemi = Backward breakfalls 
Wa = Harmony, accord and co-ordination 
Wake Gamae = Sword stance with sword pointed down and back 
Waki Gatame = Arm lock, 10th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), see also Rokyo 
Wakizashi = Short sword 
Waza = Techniques 
Yamae = Stop 
Yari = Spear 
Yoko = Side 
Yokomen = Side of the head 
Yokomen Uchi = Outside vertical strike to side of head 
Yoko ukemi = Sidewards breakfall 
Yonkyo = 4th teaching, Tekubi Osae or forearm pin, also known as Kimi Osae, Dai Yonkyo, Yonkyo Tekubi Osae 
Yonkyo Tekubi Osae = See Yonkyo 
Yubi = Fingers 
Yudansha = Senior grades (dan grades) 
Zanshin = Balanced and aware state 
Zarei = Bow from sitting position 
Zazen = Meditation posture and exercise employed in Zen Buddhism 
Zempo Kaiten Ukemi = Forward rolling breakfall, also known as Mae Ukemi, Zempo Ukemi Undo and Zempo Kaiten Undo 
Zempo Kaiten Undo = Forward rolling exercise, also known as Mae Ukemi, Zempo Ukemi Undo and Zempo Kaiten Ukemi 
Zempo Ukemi Undo = Forward rolling exercise, also known as Mae Ukemi Zempo Kaiten Undo and Zempo Kaiten Ukemi 
Zen = Intuitive discipline of enlightenment derived from older schools of Buddhism 
Zengo Undo = Arm extension static pivot exercise 
Zenshin = Moving forwards 
Zori = Sandals worn off the mat to help keep the mat clean